The Looting Machine: Warlords, Oligarchs, Corporations, Smugglers, and the Theft of Africa’s Wealth

PublicAffairs - In 2010, fuel and mineral exports from Africa were worth 333 billion, more than seven times the value of the aid that went in the opposite direction. As global demand for africa's resources rises, like the continent as a whole, a handful of Africans are becoming legitimately rich but the vast majority, is being fleeced.

While africa accounts for about 30 per cent of the world's reserves of hydrocarbons and minerals and 14 per cent of the world's population, its share of global manufacturing stood in 2011 exactly where it stood in 2000: at 1 percent. In his first book, tom burgis exposes the truth about the African development miracle: for the resource states, The Looting Machine, it's a mirage.

In petro-states like Angola three-quarters of government revenue comes from oil. The oil, copper, diamonds, bankers, gold and coltan deposits attract a global network of traders, corporate extractors and investors who combine with venal political cabals to loot the states' value. The trade in oil, gas, gems, metals and rare earth minerals wreaks havoc in Africa.

The Looting Machine: Warlords, Oligarchs, Corporations, Smugglers, and the Theft of Africa's Wealth - During the years when brazil, china and the other “emerging markets” have transformed their economies, India, Africa's resource states remained tethered to the bottom of the industrial supply chain. A score of african countries whose economies depend on resources are rentier states; their people are largely serfs.

But who received the money? for every frenchwoman who dies in childbirth, 100 die in Niger alone, the former French colony whose uranium fuels France's nuclear reactors.





China's Second Continent: How a Million Migrants Are Building a New Empire in Africa

Vintage - So explains indefatigable traveler Howard W. From liberia to senegal to mozambique, in creaky trucks and by back roads, French introduces us to the characters who make up China’s dogged emigrant population: entrepreneurs singlehandedly reshaping African infrastructure, and less-lucky migrants barely scraping by but still convinced of Africa’s opportunities.

A new york times notable book chinese immigrants of the recent past and unfolding twenty-first century are in search of the African dream. China’s burgeoning presence in Africa is already shaping, and reshaping, the future of millions of people. French’s acute observations offer illuminating insight into the most pressing unknowns of modern Sino-African relations: Why China is making these cultural and economic incursions into the continent; what Africa’s role is in this equation; and what the ramifications for both parties and their people—and the watching world—will be in the foreseeable future.

China's Second Continent: How a Million Migrants Are Building a New Empire in Africa - One of the best books of the year at • the Economist • The Guardian • Foreign Affairs. French, prize-winning investigative journalist and former New York Times bureau chief in Africa and China, in the definitive account of this seismic geopolitical development.





The Fortunes of Africa: A 5000-Year History of Wealth, Greed, and Endeavor

PublicAffairs - In past centuries, ivory, it was the lure of gold, and slaves that drew merchant-adventurers and conquerors from afar. A sweeping history the fortune seekers, diamonds, despots, adventurers, and thieves who have ruthlessly endeavored to extract gold, and other treasures from Africa and its people. Africa has been coveted for its rich natural resources ever since the era of the Pharaohs.

With compelling narrative, he traces the rise and fall of ancient kingdoms and empires; the spread of Christianity and Islam; the enduring quest for gold and other riches; the exploits of explorers and missionaries; and the impact of European colonization. He examines, too, the fate of modern African states and concludes with a glimpse of their future.

The Fortunes of Africa: A 5000-Year History of Wealth, Greed, and Endeavor - His cast of characters includes religious leaders, ruler of the medieval Mali empire, and many other legendary figures-among them Mansa Musa, mining magnates, warlords, dictators, said to be the richest man the world has ever known. In modern times, the focus of attention is on oil, diamonds, and other rare earth minerals.

In this vast and vivid panorama of history, Martin Meredith follows the fortunes of Africa over a period of 5, 000 years.





The Fate of Africa: A History of the Continent Since Independence

PublicAffairs - The fate of africa has been hailed by reviewers as "A masterpiece. The nonfiction book of the year" the new york post; "a magnificent achievement" Weekly Standard; "a joy, " Wall Street Journal and "one of the decade's most important works on Africa" Publishers Weekly, starred review. It covers recent events like the ongoing conflict in Sudan, the exploitation of Africa's resources, the controversy over Western aid, and the growing importance and influence of China.

The definitive story of african nations after they emerged from colonialism -- from Mugabe's doomed kleptocracy to Mandela's inspiring defeat of apartheid. Spanning the full breadth of the continent, events and themes of the independence era, from the bloody revolt in Algiers against the French to Zimbabwe's civil war, Martin Meredith's classic history focuses on the key personalities, and explains the myriad problems that Africa has faced in the past half-century.





Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty

Currency - Based on fifteen years of original research acemoglu and robinson marshall extraordinary historical evidence from the Roman Empire, and Africa to build a new theory of political economy with great relevance for the big questions of today, Europe, England, the Mayan city-states, medieval Venice, Latin America, the United States, the Soviet Union, including: - China has built an authoritarian growth machine.

None of these factors is either definitive or destiny. Brilliant and engagingly written, food and famine? is it culture, why nations Fail answers the question that has stumped the experts for centuries: Why are some nations rich and others poor, geography? Perhaps ignorance of what the right policies are? Simply, the weather, health and sickness, divided by wealth and poverty, no.

Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty - The differences between the Koreas is due to the politics that created these completely different institutional trajectories. The economic success thus spurred was sustained because the government became accountable and responsive to citizens and the great mass of people. Will it continue to grow at such high speed and overwhelm the west? - are america’s best days behind it? are we moving from a virtuous circle in which efforts by elites to aggrandize power are resisted to a vicious one that enriches and empowers a small minority? - What is the most effective way to help move billions of people from the rut of poverty to prosperity? More philanthropy from the wealthy nations of the West? Or learning the hard-won lessons of Acemoglu and Robinson’s breakthrough ideas on the interplay between inclusive political and economic institutions? Why Nations Fail will change the way you look at—and understand—the world.

 . Otherwise, how to explain why botswana has become one of the fastest growing countries in the world, and Sierra Leone, while other African nations, the Congo, such as Zimbabwe, are mired in poverty and violence? Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson conclusively show that it is man-made political and economic institutions that underlie economic success or lack of it.

Sadly, political repression, the people of the north have endured decades of famine, and very different economic institutions—with no end in sight.





Half the Sky

Vintage - Unleashing that process globally is not only the right thing to do; it’s also the best strategy for fighting poverty. Deeply felt, and inspirational, pragmatic, Half the Sky is essential reading for every global citizen. That cambodian girl eventually escaped from her brothel and, with assistance from an aid group, built a thriving retail business that supports her family.

Drawing on the breadth of their combined reporting experience, sadness, Kristof and WuDunn depict our world with anger, and, clarity, ultimately, hope. They show how a little help can transform the lives of women and girls abroad. A zimbabwean mother of five, counseled to return to school, earned her doctorate and became an expert on AIDS.

Through these stories, kristof and WuDunn help us see that the key to economic progress lies in unleashing women’s potential. They make clear how so many people have helped to do just that, and how we can each do our part. Kristof and sheryl wudunn as our guides, we undertake an odyssey through Africa and Asia to meet the extraordinary women struggling there, among them a Cambodian teenager sold into sex slavery and an Ethiopian woman who suffered devastating injuries in childbirth.

Half the Sky - 1 national bestsellerfrom two of our most fiercely moral voices, a passionate call to arms against our era’s most pervasive human rights violation: the oppression of women and girls in the developing world. With pulitzer Prize winners Nicholas D. Throughout much of the world, the greatest unexploited economic resource is the female half of the population.





Congo: The Epic History of a People

Ecco - Hailed as "a monumental history. Here are the people and events that have impinged the congo's development—from the slave trade to the ivory and rubber booms; from the arrival of Henry Morton Stanley to the tragic regime of King Leopold II; from global indignation to Belgian colonialism; from the struggle for independence to Mobutu's brutal rule; and from the world famous Rumble in the Jungle to the civil war over natural resources that began in 1996 and still rages today.

Van reybrouck interweaves his own family's history with the voices of a diverse range of individuals—charismatic dictators, child-soldiers, female merchant smugglers, the elderly, feuding warlords, and many in the African diaspora of Europe and China—to offer a deeply humane approach to political history, focusing squarely on the Congolese perspective and returning a nation's history to its people.

Congo: The Epic History of a People - . More exciting than any novel" nrc handelsblad, david van reybrouck’s rich and gripping epic, in the tradition of Robert Hughes' The Fatal Shore, tells the extraordinary story of one of the world's most devastated countries: the Democratic Republic of Congo. Epic in scope yet eminently readable, david van reybrouck's congo: The Epic History of a People traces the fate of one of the world's most critical, penetrating and deeply moving, failed nation-states, second only to war-torn Somalia: the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Van reybrouck takes us through several hundred years of history, bringing some of the most dramatic episodes in Congolese history.





Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa

Farrar, Straus and Giroux - In fact, poverty levels continue to escalate and growth rates have steadily declined—and millions continue to suffer. Provocatively drawing a sharp contrast between african countries that have rejected the aid route and prospered and others that have become aid-dependent and seen poverty increase, Moyo illuminates the way in which overreliance on aid has trapped developing nations in a vicious circle of aid dependency, and further poverty, corruption, market distortion, leaving them with nothing but the "need" for more aid.

Has this assistance improved the lives of Africans? No. Debunking the current model of international aid promoted by both Hollywood celebrities and policy makers, Moyo offers a bold new road map for financing development of the world's poorest countries that guarantees economic growth and a significant decline in poverty—without reliance on foreign aid or aid-related assistance.

Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa - Dead aid is an unsettling yet optimistic work, a powerful challenge to the assumptions and arguments that support a profoundly misguided development policy in Africa. And it is a clarion call to a new, more hopeful vision of how to address the desperate poverty that plagues millions. In the past fifty years, more than $1 trillion in development-related aid has been transferred from rich countries to Africa.

In fact, the recipients of this aid are not better off as a result of it, across the continent, but worse—much worse. In dead aid, dambisa moyo describes the state of postwar development policy in Africa today and unflinchingly confronts one of the greatest myths of our time: that billions of dollars in aid sent from wealthy countries to developing African nations has helped to reduce poverty and increase growth.





Dictatorland: The Men Who Stole Africa

Head of Zeus - The libyan army officer who authored a new work of political philosophy, The Green Book, and lived in a tent with a harem of female soldiers, running his country like a mafia family business. The austere, incorruptible leader who has shut Eritrea off from the world in a permanent state of war and conscripted every adult into the armed forces.

In equatorial guinea, the paranoid despot who thought Hitler was the saviour of Africa and waged a relentless campaign of terror against his own people. And behind these almost incredible stories of fantastic violence and excess lie the dark secrets of Western greed and complicity, diamonds and gold that have encouraged dictators to rule with an iron hand, the insatiable taste for chocolate, oil, siphoning off their share of the action into mansions in Paris and banks in Zurich and keeping their people in dire poverty.

Dictatorland: The Men Who Stole Africa - The dictator who grew so rich on his country's cocoa crop that he built a 35-storey-high basilica in the jungles of the Ivory Coast.





The Next Factory of the World: How Chinese Investment Is Reshaping Africa

Harvard Business Review Press - With a manufacturing-led transformation, japan in the early twentieth, Africa would be following in the footsteps of the United States in the nineteenth century, and the Asian Tigers in the late twentieth. A best business book of 2017 -- The Financial TimesChina is now the biggest foreign player in Africa.

It's africa's largest trade partner, the largest infrastructure financier, and the fastest-growing source of foreign direct investment. Despite fifty years of western aid programs, Africa still has more people living in extreme poverty than any other region in the world. Many may consider this an old-fashioned way to develop, but as Sun argues, it's the only one that's proven to raise living standards across entire societies in a lasting way.

The Next Factory of the World: How Chinese Investment Is Reshaping Africa - Chinese entrepreneurs are flooding into the continent, investing in long-term assets such as factories and heavy equipment. Considering africa's difficult history of colonialism, one might suspect that China's activity there is another instance of a foreign power exploiting resources. And with every new chinese factory boss setting up machinery and hiring African workers--and managers--that possibility becomes more real for Africa.

With fascinating and moving human stories along with incisive business and economic analysis, The Next Factory of the World will make you rethink both China's role in the world and Africa's future in the globalized economy. But as author irene yuan sun vividly shows in this remarkable book, it is really a story about resilient Chinese entrepreneurs building in Africa what they so recently learned to build in China--a global manufacturing powerhouse.

The fact that china sees africa not for its poverty but for its potential wealth is a striking departure from the attitude of the West, particularly that of the United States.





The Dragon's Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa

OUP Oxford - Media reports about huge aid packages, support for pariah regimes, regiments of Chinese labor, and the ruthless exploitation of workers and natural resources in some of the poorest countries in the world sparked fierce debates. Deborah brautigam tackles the myths and realities, explaining what the Chinese are doing, how they do it, how much aid they give, and how it all fits into their "going global" strategy.

Will chinese engagement benefit africa? Using hard data and a series of vivid stories ranging across agriculture, natural resources, and governance, industry, Brautigam's fascinating book provides an answer. Is china a rogue donor, as the chinese claim? in the last few years, as some media pundits suggest? Or is China helping the developing world pave a pathway out of poverty, China's aid program has leapt out of the shadows.

. These debates, however, took place with very few hard facts. It is essential reading for anyone concerned with China's rise, and what it might mean for the challenge of ending poverty in Africa. China's tradition of secrecy about its aid fueled rumors and speculation, making it difficult to gauge the risks and opportunities provided by China's growing embrace.

The Dragon's Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa - This well-timed book, by one of the world's leading experts, provides the first comprehensive account of China's aid and economic cooperation overseas. Drawing on three decades of experience in china and Africa, Europe and the US, China, and hundreds of interviews in Africa, Brautigam shines new light on a topicof great interest.

China has ended poverty for hundreds of millions of its own citizens.