Crisis and Crossfire: The United States and the Middle East Since 1945 Issues in the History of American Foreign Relations

Potomac Books Inc. - Involvement in the region. Although it seems almost incredible today, the United States had relatively little interest in the Middle East before 1945. Major themes include U. S. Middle east policy in the context of the Cold War, the rise of Arab and Iranian nationalism, decolonization, the U. S. Approach to the arab-israeli conflict, and America’s military interventions, the politics of Western dependence on Middle Eastern oil, particularly its two wars against Iraq.

It probes the reasons why the united States implemented various policies and assesses the wisdom of American leaders as they accepted greater responsibilities for preserving stability and security in the Middle East. The projection of american power into the region has had consequences that have forever changed the United States and the Middle East, with the rise of al Qaeda and the turbulent occupation of Iraq being the latest examples.

Crisis and Crossfire: The United States and the Middle East Since 1945 Issues in the History of American Foreign Relations - . But the dynamics and outcome of world war ii elevated the importance of the Middle East in the American mind, and the United States has viewed the region with vital interest to its security and economy ever since. Crisis and crossfire surveys and analyzes the broad contours of U. S. This book’s concise narrative and selection of primary-source documents make it an ideal introduction to U.





Winner-Take-All Politics: How Washington Made the Rich Richer--and Turned Its Back on the Middle Class

Simon & Schuster - Why do the “haveit- alls” have so much more? and how have they managed to restructure the economy to reap the lion’s share of the gains and shift the costs of their new economic playground downward, tearing new holes in the safety net and saddling all of us with increased debt and risk? Lots of so-called experts claim to have solved this great mystery, but no one has really gotten to the bottom of it—until now.

. We all know that the very rich have gotten a lot richer these past few decades while most Americans haven’t. With big business and conservative ideologues organizing themselves to undo the regulations and progressive tax policies that had helped ensure a fair distribution of economic rewards, deregulation got under way, taxes were cut for the wealthiest, and business decisively defeated labor in Washington.

Winner-Take-All Politics: How Washington Made the Rich Richer--and Turned Its Back on the Middle Class - In their lively and provocative Winner-Take-All Politics, renowned political scientists Jacob S. Runaway inequality and the present economic crisis reflect what government has done to aid the rich and what it has not done to safeguard the interests of the middle class. In fact, the exorbitantly paid have continued to thrive during the current economic crisis, even as the rest of Americans have continued to fall behind.

Winner-take-all politics—part revelatory history, part political analysis, part intellectual journey— shows how a political system that traditionally has been responsive to the interests of the middle class has been hijacked by the superrich. The winner-take-all economy is primarily a result of winner-take-all politics.

Hacker and pierson’s gripping narration of the epic battles waged during President Obama’s first two years in office reveals an unpleasant but catalyzing truth: winner-take-all politics, while under challenge, is still very much with us.





The Seventies: The Great Shift in American culture, Society, and Politics

Free Press - The seventies witnessed a profound shift in the balance of power in American politics, and culture, economics, all driven by the vast growth of the Sunbelt. Others were even more profound: among them, public life as we knew it died a swift death. A kitschy period summed up as the "me decade, but of nothing revolutionary, " it was the time of Watergate and the end of Vietnam, of malaise and gas lines, nothing with long-lasting significance.

In a fast-paced, wide-ranging, culture, and social and religious upheaval, and brilliant reexamination of the decade's politics, he argues that the Seventies were one of the most important of the postwar twentieth-century decades. Country music, a boom in "enthusiastic" religion, a southern silent majority, and southern California New Age movements were just a few of the products of the new demographics.

From the godfather and network to the ramones and jimmy buffett; from billie jean King and Bobby Riggs to Phyllis Schlafly and NOW; from Proposition 13 to the Energy Crisis; here are all the names, faces, and movements that once filled our airwaves, and now live again. Most of us think of the 1970s as an "in-between" decade, the uninspiring years that happened to fall between the excitement of the 1960s and the Reagan Revolution.

The Seventies: The Great Shift in American culture, Society, and Politics - The seventies is powerfully argued, compulsively readable, and deeply provocative. In the first full history of the period, a rising young cultural and political historian, Bruce Schulman, sweeps away misconception after misconception about the 1970s. The seventies offers a masterly reconstruction of high and low culture, Carter, est, of public events and private lives, Nixon, of Jonathan Livingston Seagull, Evel Knievel, and Reagan.





Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of American National Security Policy during the Cold War

Oxford University Press - Beginning with Franklin D. When strategies of containment was first published, Ronald Reagan was president of the United States, the Soviet Union was still a superpower, and the Berlin Wall was still standing. A must-read for anyone interested in Cold War history, grand strategy, and the origins of the post-Cold War world.

Roosevelt's postwar plans, Gaddis provides a thorough critical analysis of George F. This updated edition of Gaddis' classic carries the history of containment through the end of the Cold War. Kennan's original strategy of containment, the nixon-kissinger strategy of detente, The Eisenhower-Dulles "New Look, and now a comprehensive assessment of how Reagan - and Gorbechev - completed the process of containment, " the Kennedy-Johnson "flexible response" strategy, NSC-68, thereby bringing the Cold War to an end.

Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of American National Security Policy during the Cold War - He concludes, provocatively, that Reagan more effectively than any other Cold War president drew upon the strengths of both approaches while avoiding their weaknesses.





The Looming Tower

Vintage - This pulitzer prize winner is the basis for the upcoming Hulu series starring Peter Sarsgaard, Jeff Daniels, and Tahar Rahim. A gripping narrative that spans five decades, the Looming Tower explains in unprecedented detail the growth of Islamic fundamentalism, the rise of al-Qaeda, and the intelligence failures that culminated in the attacks on the World Trade Center.

He follows fbi counterterrorism chief john O’Neill as he uncovers the emerging danger from al-Qaeda in the 1990s and struggles to track this new threat. Lawrence wright re-creates firsthand the transformation of Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri from incompetent and idealistic soldiers in Afghanistan to leaders of the most successful terrorist group in history.

The Looming Tower - Packed with new information and a deep historical perspective, The Looming Tower is the definitive history of the long road to September 11. National book award FinalistUpdated and with a New Afterword.





A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East

Holt Paperbacks - Focusing on the formative years of 1914 to 1922, he delivers in this sweeping and magisterial book the definitive account of this defining time, when all seemed possible, showing how the choices narrowed and the Middle East began along a road that led to the conflicts and confusion that continue to this day.

A new afterword from fromkin, includes his invaluable, updated assessment of this region of the world today, written for this edition of the book, and on what this history has to teach us. Published with a new afterword from the author—the classic, bestselling account of how the modern Middle East was createdThe Middle East has long been a region of rival religions, nationalisms, ideologies, and ambitions.

A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East - All of these conflicts—including the hostilities between Arabs and Israelis, and the violent challenges posed by Iraq's competing sects—are rooted in the region's political inheritance: the arrangements, unities, and divisions imposed by the Allies after the First World War. In a peace to end all peace, david fromkin reveals how and why the Allies drew lines on an empty map that remade the geography and politics of the Middle East.





Bush's Wars

Oxford University Press - He concludes with an assessment of the prosecution of the wars in the first years of Barack Obama's presidency. Carefully researched and briskly narrated, Bush's Wars provides the single-volume balanced history that we have waited for. He begins with historical surveys of iraq and afghanistan-known respectively as "the improbable country" and "the graveyard of empires, " and he examines US policies toward those and other nations in the Middle East from the 1970s to 2000

. Bush told advisor karl rove, "I am here for a reason, and this is how we're going to be judged. Anderson provides this judgment in this sweeping, authoritative account of Bush's War on Terror and his twin interventions. Then anderson focuses on the bush administration, the "axis of evil" speech, carrying us through such events as the terrorist's attacks of 9/11, the invasion of Iraq and capture of Baghdad, the invasion of Afghanistan and the siege of Tora Bora, and the eruption of insurgency in Iraq.

Bush's Wars - He ranges from rpgs slamming into abrams tanks to cabinet meetings, vividly portraying both soldiers in the field and such policymakers as Dick Cheney and Condoleezza Rice. Now noted historian Terry Anderson examines them together, in a single comprehensive overview. Shortly after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, President George W.

This new paperback edition takes the story through the first Obama term, covering our exit from Iraq and the ongoing drawdown in Afghanistan. But each explores a narrow slice of a whole: two wars launched by a single president as part of a single foreign policy.





The Universe Unraveling: American Foreign Policy in Cold War Laos The United States in the World

Cornell University Press - Jacobs contends that U. S. The universe Unraveling is a provocative reinterpretation of U. S. Laos relations in the years leading up to the Vietnam War. Laos's landlocked, mountainous terrain, while South Vietnam-possessing a long coastline, navigable rivers, they hold, made the kingdom an unpropitious place to fight, and all-weather roads-better accommodated America's military forces.

Two generations of historians have explained this decision by citing logistical considerations. During the eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, Laos was positioned to become a major front in the Cold War. Policy in southeast asia than strategic appraisals of the Laotian landscape were cultural perceptions of the Lao people.

Drawing on diplomatic correspondence and the work of iconic figures like "celebrity saint" Tom Dooley, immaturity, and cowardice-differed from the traits assigned the South Vietnamese, Jacobs finds that the characteristics American statesmen and the American media attributed to the Lao-laziness, making Lao chances of withstanding communist aggression appear dubious.

The Universe Unraveling: American Foreign Policy in Cold War Laos The United States in the World - Seth jacobs argues that laos boasted several advantages over South Vietnam as a battlefield, notably its thousand-mile border with Thailand, whose leader was willing to allow Washington to use his nation as a base from which to attack the communist Pathet Lao. More significant in determining U. S. Yet american policymakers ultimately chose to resist communism in neighboring South Vietnam instead.

The universe unraveling combines diplomatic, cultural, and military history to provide a new perspective on how prejudice can shape policy decisions and even the course of history.





The New Arab Wars: Uprisings and Anarchy in the Middle East

PublicAffairs - But lynch saw dark signs on the horizon, especially in Syria. Instead, egypt's revolution has given way to a military coup; Libya's produced a failed state; Yemen is the battleground for a proxy war and will be destroyed; Syria has become a sprawling humanitarian catastrophe that will take a generation to begin to recover from.

At the same time, america has less and less reason to want to engage with the region and now has only one functional ally apart from Israel. That book ended with the hope that the Arab uprisings heralded a fundamental change over the long-term, but with the warning that Arab regimes would not easily give up their power.

The New Arab Wars: Uprisings and Anarchy in the Middle East - It is a brutal, compelling story. The new arab wars describes how the political landscape of an entire region has been convulsed, as proxy wars on behalf of three competing powers—Iran, with much of it given over to anarchy, Turkey and Saudi Arabia—scar the region. Marc lynch's last book, the arab uprising, described the then ongoing revolutionary change and prospect for the consolidation of democracy in key Arab countries that still seemed possible.





The Israel-Palestine Conflict: Contested Histories Contesting the Past Book 16

Wiley-Blackwell - The israel-palestine conflict: contested histories provides non-specialist readers with an introduction and historical overview of the issues that have characterized and defined 130 years of the still unresolved Israeli-Palestinian conflict. One could not ask for a better short history of the conflict. Provides a fresh attempt to break away from polemical approaches that have undermined academic discussion and political debates Focuses on a series of core arguments that the author considers essentially unwinnable Introduces readers to the major historiographical debates sparked by the dispute Encourages readers to consider more useful ways of explaining and understanding the conflict, and to go beyond trying to prove who is ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ "This volume suggests a fresh and original interpretation to the history of the Arab Israeli conflict.

Caplan juggles skillfully and even-handedly between the two narratives, reflecting the parties’ own views without embracing the cause of any party. Joseph nevo, university of Haifa "An impressive and very valuable work. Caplan offers readers a study that is extremely well-informed, resolutely fair-minded, and filled with thoughtful insights.

The Israel-Palestine Conflict: Contested Histories Contesting the Past Book 16 - Mark tessler, University of Michigan.





Where the Line Is Drawn: A Tale of Crossings, Friendships, and Fifty Years of Occupation in Israel-Palestine

The New Press - While offering an unforgettably poignant exploration of Palestinian-Israeli relationships, Where the Line Is Drawn also provides an anatomy of friendship and an exploration of whether, in the bleakest of circumstances, it is possible for bonds to transcend political divisions. Shehadeh's books are maps, to bad choices, of regions lost to senseless division, painstakingly pieced together, and to lies.

The nation“Remarkable and hopeful. A deeply honest and intense memoir. Gal beckerman, in palestinian walks, the new york times book reviewa moving account of one man’s border crossings—both literal and figurative—by the award-winning author of Palestinian Walks, Raja Shehadeh, published on the fiftieth anniversary of the Six Day WarIn what has become a classic of Middle Eastern literature, wrote of his treks through the hills surrounding Ramallah over a period of three decades under Israel’s occupation.

Where the Line Is Drawn: A Tale of Crossings, Friendships, and Fifty Years of Occupation in Israel-Palestine - In where the line is drawn, to argue before the israeli courts, to enjoy the sea, Shehadeh explores how occupation has affected him personally, chronicling the various crossings that he undertook into Israel over a period of forty years to visit friends and family, and to negotiate failed peace agreements.

Those forty years also saw him develop a close friendship with Henry, a Canadian Jew who immigrated to Israel at around the same time Shehadeh returned to Palestine from studying in London.